Bipolar Disorder

About Bipolar Disorder


Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be severe and may interfere with a person's ability to function at work or school, or in relationships.

Bipolar disorder II

There are two main types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I and Bipolar II.

Bipolar disorder is a treatable condition. With proper treatment, most people with bipolar disorder can lead healthy and productive lives. Treatment may include medications, such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics, and talk therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

 

Bipolar I

Bipolar disorder type I is characterized by manic episodes that last at least seven days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Manic symptoms may include increased energy, impulsivity, irritability, and decreased need for sleep.

Bipolar II

Bipolar disorder type II is characterized by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but the manic episodes that are characteristic of Bipolar I disorder are not present. Hypomanic episodes are similar to manic episodes, but they are less severe and do not cause as much impairment in functioning.

With proper treatment, most people with bipolar disorder can lead healthy and productive lives. Treatment may include medications, such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics, and talk therapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

It's important to remember that treatment for bipolar disorder often takes time and may require some trial and error to find the right combination of treatments that work best for an individual. Some people with bipolar disorder may need to take medications long-term in order to manage their symptoms, while others may be able to stop taking medications after a period of time.

 

In addition to medical treatment, it can be helpful for people with bipolar disorder to adopt healthy lifestyle habits, such as getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep. These habits can help to improve overall well-being and can also help to manage symptoms of bipolar disorder.

It's also important for people with bipolar disorder to have a strong support system, including friends and family who can provide emotional support and help with daily tasks when needed.